Pulitzer, Joseph

Pulitzer, Joseph

Male 1847 - 1911  (64 years)

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  • Name Pulitzer, Joseph  [1
    Born 10 Apr 1847  Makó, Csongrád, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Oct 1911  Charlestown, Charleston County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York City, Bronx County, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I68428  Sackett
    Last Modified 23 Sep 2021 

    Family Davis, Kate,   b. 9 Jan 1853, Georgetown, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jul 1927, Deauville, Departement du Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 19 Jun 1878  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
    +1. Pulitzer, Edith Louise,   b. 19 Jun 1886, Lenox, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1975, Manhattan, New York City, New York County, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)
    Last Modified 23 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F27283  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 19 Jun 1878 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChild - Pulitzer, Edith Louise - 19 Jun 1886 - Lenox, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York City, Bronx County, New York, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend Address Cemetery Street/Feature Village/Neighborhood/Community Township/Parish City County/Shire State/Province Country Region Not Set

  • Photos
    Joseph Pultizer (1847-1911)
    Joseph Pultizer (1847-1911)
    Publisher, US Congressman (1885-1886), Member of the Missouri House of Representatives (1870). The Pulitzer Prizes were established in 1917 as a result of his endowment to Columbia University. Image from Wikipedia.

  • Sources 
    1. [S543] Find A Grave (www.findagrave.com) (Reliability: 2), 23 Sep 2021.
      Memorial ID 842
      https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/842

      Joseph Pulitzer
      Birth 10 Apr 1847
      Makó, Csongrád, Hungary
      Death 29 Oct 1911 (aged 64)
      Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina, USA
      Burial
      Woodlawn Cemetery
      Bronx, Bronx County, New York, USA Show Map
      Plot Evergreen Plot, Sections 48, 49

      Journalist, Publisher, US Congressman. He is best known as the founder of the Pulitzer Prizes, the most prestigious awards in American journalism. Along with William Randolph Hearst, Pulitzer created a new and controversial style of American journalism, dedicated to crusading on the side of people and as a spokesman for democracy. Previously the press usually spoke for the establishment and moneyed interests, but this new strain of journalism supported labor, attacked trusts and monopolies, and exposed scandal, fraud and corruption, both public and private. At a time when journalism was not considered a respectable way of earning a living, Pulitzer was committed to raising the standards of the profession. Joseph Pulitzer was born in Mako, Hungary, the eldest son of a prosperous Jewish grain merchant. Pulitzer was educated in private schools in Budapest. After unsuccessful attempts to join the military, in 1864 he emigrated from Hungary to the United States, landing at Castle Garden practically penniless. The Austrian army had rejected him for his weak eyesight, and the French Foreign Legion did not want him, but when he got to America the Union Army was not so choosy. He served as a Private in Company I, 1st New York Volunteer "1st Lincoln" Cavalry from November 1864 until the end of the Civil War. After the war, he settled in St. Louis, where he worked as a mule tender, waiter and hack driver before studying English and law at the Mercantile Library. In 1868 he was recruited by Carl Schurz for his German-language daily, the "Westliche Post" where he excelled as a reporter. He participated in politics and was admitted to the bar, but he practiced only a short time. Pulitzer joined the Republican Party and was elected to the Missouri State Assembly in 1869. In 1872 Pulitzer was able to purchase the "St. Louis Post" for $3,000. This venture was a success and six years later was able to buy the "St. Louis Dispatch" for $2,700. He combined the two newspapers and launched crusades against government corruption, lotteries, gambling, and tax fraud. In 1874, he was admitted to the bar in Washington, D.C., where he also worked as a correspondent for the "New York Sun." By 1883 Pulitzer was a wealthy man and was able to purchase the "New York World" for $346,000 from financier Jay Gould. The newspaper, which had been losing $40,000 a year, was transformed into the first tabloid-style journal that concentrated on human-interest stories, scandal and sensational material. Pulitzer also promised to use the paper to "expose all fraud and sham, fight all public evils and abuses, and to battle for the people with earnest sincerity." In 1885 he was elected as a Republican to represent New York's 9th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives, but he resigned a year later in 1886. Two years later he founded the "Evening World" in New York. At the age of forty, he had become essentially blind, but he still continued to run his press empire for twenty-two more years. In 1890s Pulitzer had a circulation war with William Randolph Hearst. Using strong headlines, sensational news events, cartoons and other means they especially tried to attract working class readers and immigrants. The "World" increased its circulation with a comic supplement and in 1895 the first full-page original 'Yellow Kid' cartoon in color appeared, created by the cartoonist R. F. Outcault. Pulitzer continued to promote investigative reporting and in 1909 the "New York World" exposed a fraudulent payment of $40 million by the United States to the French Panama Canal Company. The federal government indicted Pulitzer for criminally libeling President Theodore Roosevelt and the banker John Pierpont "J.P." Morgan. However, Pulitzer won an important victory for the freedom of the press when the courts dismissed the indictments. Pulitzer died of heart failure aboard his yacht, the "Liberty," on October 29, 1911. Through his will, he left $2 million to establish the Columbia University School of Journalism, and following the example of Alfred B. Nobel, he established a foundation to award annual Pulitzer Prizes for literature, drama, music, and journalism. Since 1922 Pulitzer Prizes have also been awarded for cartoonists.

      Bio by: Edward Parsons

      Researched by Ted Smith

    2. [S543] Find A Grave (www.findagrave.com) (Reliability: 2), 23 Sep 2021.
      Memorial ID 46257502
      https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/46257502

      Kate Davis Pulitzer
      Birth 9 Jan 1853
      Georgetown, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA
      Death 29 Jul 1927 (aged 74)
      Deauville, Departement du Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
      Burial
      Woodlawn Cemetery
      Bronx, Bronx County, New York, USA

      On June 19, 1878 as Kate Davis, she married Joseph Pulitzer in the District of Columbia.

      TIME Magazine August 8, 1927
      Milestones
      Died
      Mrs. Joseph Pulitzer, 78, widow of the founder of the present New York World at Deauville, France. She, once Miss Kate Davis of Georgetown, D.C., was a cousin of President Jefferson Davis of the Southern Confederacy. To the last her remarkable beauty mellowed rather than waned and she was of the elect among United States hostesses in Europe possessing superb homes in Nice and Deauville. Three sons survive: Ralph and Herbert Pulitzer, respectively editor and an executive of the World and publisher, Joseph Pulitzer of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Also has living two daughters, Edith, wife of William Scoville Moore [1886-1975] and Constance, wife of William Gray Elmslie.

      Researched by Ted Smith


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